NEO – John Kerry’s Trip to the South Pole
As we are on the verge of the last month of the year, we have our own personal histories of how bizarre the past year has been, and look at the new year with trepidation over what planned horrors await us by the old cast of characters, and the new with the Trump gang.
I talk to more than a few whose future strategy has changed from trying to influence events for the better, to how they are going to personally survive with their families. Loss of faith in the integrity of the government extends not only to the economic issues, but the security ones.
They are becoming fearful of a government (or whoever really runs it) continually manufacturing threats on a scale as a diversion for something else they don’t want us to see, which they are doing behind the scenes. While Seth’s topic might seem strange to some of you, it has the classic counterintel justification of “why him” (Kerry) and “why now”, and “who benefits”? Inquiring minds would like to know… Jim W. Dean ]_________
Life in Antarctica, searching for secrets
Geologists are entranced by Antarctica's secrets. Clues to answering humanity's most basic questions are locked in this continental freezer the size of the United States and half of Canada: Where did we come from? Are we alone in the universe? What's the fate of our warming planet?
The science station that can go skiing! Incredible pictures of Britain’s £26m mobile research centre sliding across the Antarctic's frozen wastes. Spaceship design will prevent station from being buried under the snow. Scientists will have labs, a gym and a bar. Building the station took four years. It looks like a spaceship from the Star Wars universe which has crash-landed on a frozen planet. But this futuristic-looking facility on skis, which opens 100 years after Robert Scott's iconic expedition to Antarctica, is actually the £25.8 million future of cutting-edge research on the frozen continent. It is the world's first movable research centre designed specifically to be towed around to avoid it being buried under snow in the unforgiving region.
This is the amazing £26million British research centre that has been built on skis in the Antarctic to keep it from sinking into the snowy wastes below
The base can be slid across the frozen surface to beat the shifting ice and pounding snow that doomed its predecessors.
The British Antarctic Survey said Wednesday that the Halley VI Research Station, designed by British firm Hugh Broughton Architects, is the sixth facility to occupy the site on the Brunt Ice Shelf - a floating sheet of ice about 10 miles (16 kilometers) from the edge of the South Atlantic.
Most of the previous stations were crushed under the weight of the polar snow, while Halley V had to be abandoned due to fears that the station would be lost if the ice sheet split apart, said survey spokesman Paul Seagrove.
Solitude: Antarctica is the most isolated place on Earth - but its remote location means the scientists will be able to see the stunning aurora australis. Halley VI is made up of four-legged modules linked by enclosed walkways. The centre will house between 16 and 52 members of staff, depending on the time of year. A central social hub will give residents the chance to relax and contains a dining room, bar and a gym.
A vacuum drainage system keeps water consumption down, and the ski-clad stilts keep the units about 4 meters (13 feet) above the level of the ice. The inside of the centre has been been specially designed to support crew numbers ranging from 52 in the summer to 16 during the three months of total darkness in winter, when temperatures at the base drop as low as -56C. It has triple-glazed windows and a quiet room at the north end of the station is included for residents to contemplate the Antarctic environment in peace.
Futuristic: Scientists will be housed in triple-glazed modules that sit on skis high above the snowy surface
Home from home: The modules will house labs, a dining room, a bar and a gym
Snowy wastes: Previous stations have been dogged by the punishing conditions
A long way from home: The vast frozen continent is uninhabited apart from the shifting population of scientists
Linked: The scientists won't have to go outside to move between modules as they will be joined together by walkways
If the station needs to be moved, the modules are disconnected and then towed to a new location, Seagrove said.
THE HALLEY VI STATION
The designers were tasked with creating a cutting-edge laboratory and living accommodation that was capable of withstanding the extreme winter weather, and it took architects eight years to come up with the cutting-edge design.
The station was built over four years because engineers could only work for a nine-week period during the Antarctic summer. The total cost of the station was nearly £26 million.
The skis on the bottom of the structure allow the centre to be raised high enough to stay above metres of annual snowfall as well as making it easy to move when required.
This is especially important to avoid the centre - and its occupants - being stranded on an iceberg as the floating ice shelf moves towards the sea.
The new research station replaces the 20-year old Halley V facility.
It is the sixth to be built on the floating Brunt Ice Shelf in a region that has established itself as an important natural laboratory for studying the Earth's magnetic field and the near-space atmosphere.
It was data from the previous station that led to the 1985 BAS discovery of the ozone hole.
Professor Alan Rodger, interim director of British Antarctic Survey, said: 'The long-term research investigations carried out at Halley since the 1950s have led to deeper understanding of our world.
'In half a century, society has been alerted to our changing climate, about the possibility that melting ice in the Polar Regions will increase sea-level rise, and that human activity can have an impact on the natural environment.
'The Polar Regions are the Earth's early warning system and it is here that the first signs of global change are observed.
'This is the first summer field season for Halley and already our scientists there are working with colleagues from the USA, including NASA, on studies that will gain new knowledge about how our world works.'
David Willetts, UK Minister for universities and science, said: 'This new state-of-the-art research facility demonstrates the UK's ambition to remain at the forefront of scientific endeavour.
'The new Halley Research Station is a triumph of British design, innovation and engineering.
The UK's world-class polar science community now has a unique, cutting edge suite of laboratories on the ice.
The legacy of Captain Scott, together with our strong track record of scientific discovery in Antarctica, is set to continue in this excellent new facility.'
This map shows the location of the Halley VI research station
Halley, named for astronomer Edmond Halley, has served as a scientific research site for more than 50 years.
The British Antarctic Survey said the region has served as 'an important natural laboratory' for studies of the Earth's magnetic field, its near-space atmosphere, and climate change.
It was data from Halley that led to the survey's 1985 discovery of the hole in the ozone layer.
Cosy: A cross-section from an artist's impression shows how the living and working quarters will be arranged in the modules
Forward-looking: Artist's impression of one of the modules - but scientists might not use the balcony as even in the summer the temperature is below freezing
Research results: The hole in the ozone layer was identified thanks to data from the previous Halley research station in the Antarctic
Are they by any chance related? The AT-AT Walker from Star Wars bears a striking resemblace to the new Antarctic research station
Earth's past, present and future can been seen on the northern peninsula of Antarctica - the wildest, most desolate and mysterious of its continents.Clues to answering humanity's most basic questions are locked in this continental freezer the size of the United States and half of Canada.Scientists are now ramping up their efforts to study the area in the hope it could answer questions such as where did we come from? And are we alone in the universe?+8Earth's past, present and future can been seen on the northern peninsula of Antarctica - the wildest, most desolate and mysterious of its continents. In this image, Peter Convey, an ecologist for the British Antarctic Survey, searches for samples on Deception Island, part of the South Shetland Islands archipelagoThe first explorers set foot in Antarctica 194 years ago hunting 19th century riches of whale and seal oil and fur, turning tides red with blood.
Since then, the fist-shaped continent has proven a treasure chest for scientists trying to determine everything from the creation of the cosmos to how high seas will rise with global warming.'It's a window out to the universe and in time,' said Kelly Falkner, polar program chief for the U.S. National Science Foundation.For a dozen days in January, in the middle of the chilly Antarctic summer, The Associated Press followed scientists from different fields searching for alien-like creatures, hints of pollution trapped in pristine ancient ice, leftovers from the Big Bang, biological quirks that potentially could lead to better medical treatments, and perhaps most of all, signs of unstoppable melting.
+8Pictured is a worker from the Chile's Antarctic Institute sits on the snow on Robert Island, part of the South Shetland Islands archipelago in Antarctica. Nasa uses the remoteness of Antarctic to study what people would have to go through if they visited MarsThe journey on a Chilean navy ship along the South Shetland islands and vulnerable Antarctic Peninsula, which juts off the continent like a broken pinky finger, logged 833 miles (1,340km) and allowing the AP team a firsthand look at part of this vital continent.Antarctica conjures up images of quiet mountains and white plateaus, but the coldest, driest and remotest continent is far from dormant.
About 98 per cent of it is covered by ice, and that ice is constantly moving.
Temperatures can range from above zero in the South Shetlands and Antarctic Peninsula to the unbearable frozen lands near the South Pole.
As an active volcano, Deception Island is a pot of extreme conditions. There are spots where the sea boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit (100 degrees Celsius), while in others it can be freezing at below 32 (0 degrees Celsius).
+8Penguins walk on the shore of Bahia Almirantazgo in Antarctica. Temperatures can range from above zero in the South Shetlands and Antarctic Peninsula to the unbearable frozen lands near the South PoleSCIENTISTS FIND FISH BENEATH 2,400FT ANTARCTIC ICE SHEET
Resilient fish have been found living in darkness beneath a 2,430ft (740 metre) thick sheet of Antarctic iceIncredibly-resilient fish have been found living in perpetual darkness beneath a 2,430ft (740 metre) thick sheet of Antarctic ice.Stunned scientists made the discovery after drilling a small hole through the Ross Ice Shelf, which covers an area the size of France.They spotted the sea creatures in an area of remote seawater 33ft (10 metres) deep, sealed between the ice sheet and the seafloor.I'm surprised,' Ross Powell, a glacial geologist from Northern Illinois University told Douglas Fox at Scientific American.'You get the picture of these areas having very little food, being desolate, not supporting much life.'The discovery of fish in waters -2°C and perpetual darkness poses new questions about the ability of life to thrive in extreme environments.The expedition had initially wanted to analyse the stability of the Whillans Ice Stream, which is one of about a half-dozen large, fast-moving rivers of ice pouring from the West Antarctic.When ice drillers from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln peered beneath the region, they initially didn't believe it could hold life.But over several hours, they spotted 20 to 30 fish and lowered a camera into the area to capture their discovery.And while the sun rarely shines on the long, dark Antarctic winters, nighttime never seems to fall on summer days.
While tourists come to Antarctica for its beauty and remoteness, scientists are all business.
What they find could affect the lives of people thousands of miles away; if experts are right, and the West Antarctic ice sheet has started melting irreversibly, what happens here will determine if cities such as Miami, New York, New Orleans, Guangzhou, Mumbai, London and Osaka will have to regularly battle flooding from rising seas.Antarctica 'is big and it's changing and it affects the rest of the planet and we can't afford to ignore what's going on down there,' said David Vaughan, science director of the British Antarctic Survey.Often, scientists find something other than what they were looking for.
Last year researchers calculated that ice on the western side of the continent was melting faster than expected.
Last month, scientists researching vital geology in that melting were looking a half mile under the ice in pitch dark and found a surprise: fish a half foot (15cm) long and shrimp-like creatures swimming by their cameras.Geologists are entranced by Antarctica's secrets. On a recent scientific expedition led by Chile's Antarctic Institute, Richard Spikings, a research geologist at the University of Geneva, wielded a large hammer to collect rock samples in the South Shetlands and the Antarctic Peninsula.
Curious members of a penguin colony on Cape Legoupil watched as he pounded on slabs of black granite and diorite rising out of the southern ocean. By the end of the two-week trip, his colleagues had jokingly begun calling him 'Thor.''To understand many aspects in the diversity of animals and plants it's important to understand when continents disassembled,' Spikings said.
'So we're also learning about the real antiquity of the Earth and how (continents) were configured together a billion years ago, half a billion years ago, 300 million years ago,' he said, adding that the insights will help him understand Antarctica's key role in the jigsaw of ancient super continents.
With names like Rodinia, Gondwana and Pangaea, scientists believe they were significant landmasses in Earth's history and were periodically joined together through the movement of plates.
+8Chilean Navy officers transport scientists to Chile's Station Bernardo O'Higgins in Antarctica. Because there is no local industry, any pollution captured in the pristine ice and snow is from chemicals that travelled from afar, such as low levels of lead found in ice until it was phased out of gasolineBecause there is no local industry, any pollution captured in the pristine ice and snow is from chemicals that traveled from afar, such as low levels of lead found in ice until it was phased out of gasoline, or radiation levels found from above-ground nuclear tests thousands of miles away and decades ago by the U.S. and the Soviet Union, Vaughan said.The ice tells how levels of carbon dioxide, the heat-trapping gas, have fluctuated over hundreds of thousands of years. This is also the place where a hole in the ozone layer, from man-made refrigerants and aerosols, periodically parks for a couple months and causes trouble.
It happens when sunlight creeps back to Antarctica in August, triggering a chemical reaction that destroys ozone molecules, causing a hole that peaks in September and then closes with warmer weather in November.Exploring Antarctica is something Chilean Alejo Contreras, 53, began dreaming about as a teen after reading Robert Falcon Scott's journal of his journey to the South Pole.
+8Scuba diver Luis Torres tests the water near the Chilean scientific station Escudero in Villa Las Estrellas on King George Island, part of the South Shetland Islands archipelago in AntarcticaWhen Contreras finally got to the South Pole in 1988, he stopped shaving his beard, which today hangs down to his chest and often goes every which way, similar to his explorations.Antarctica is 'like the planet's freezer,' said Contreras, who has led 14 expeditions to the continent. 'And none of us would dare litter the ice.'Because of the pristine nature of the bottom of the world, when a meteorite lands here it stays untouched.So researchers find more meteorites, often from nearby Mars, including one discovered nearly 20 years ago which had scientists initially thinking, incorrectly, they had found proof that life once existed on Mars.
This is a place with landscapes out of an alien movie set. Nasa uses the remoteness of the continent to study what people would have to go through if they visited Mars.
The dry air also makes it perfect for astronomers to peer deep into space and into the past.+8Snow surrounds buildings used by Chile's scientists on Robert Island, part of the South Shetland Islands archipelago in Antarctica. Temperatures can range from above zero in the South Shetlands and Antarctic Peninsula to the unbearable frozen lands near the South PoleDuring a recent trip to Deception Island, Peter Convey, an ecologist for the British Antarctic Survey who has been visiting Antarctica for 25 years, braved heavy rain, near freezing temperature and winds of more than 20 knots to collect samples of the spongy green and brown mosses that grow in patches on the ash of the volcanic island's black rock mountains.
He was looking for clues in their genetics to determine how long the species have been evolving on Antarctica, in isolation from other continents.'I've been lucky and I've gone to the middle of the continent, so I've been isolated from the next human being for 400 to 500 kilometers (250-300 miles),' Convey said.
In this remoteness are odd life forms, raising hope that life might once have existed in other extreme environments such as Mars or is even now hidden below the ice of Jupiter's moon Europa.+8Members of the Spanish base Gabriel de Castilla, and scientists watch a movie on Deception Island, part of the South Shetland Islands archipelago in Antarctica. As an active volcano, Deception Island is a pot of extreme conditions. There are spots where the sea boils while in others it can be freezing'This is one of the more extreme places where you could expect to find life. It's even here,' said Ross Powell, a Northern Illinois University scientist who in January was using a remote-controlled submarine deep under the ice in another part of Antarctica to figure out about melting, when the unusual fish and shrimp-like creatures swam by.About 4,000 scientists come to Antarctica for research during the summer and 1,000 stay in the more forbidding winter.
There are also about 1,000 non-scientists - chefs, divers, mechanics, janitors and the priest of the world's southernmost Eastern Orthodox Church on top of a rocky hill at the Russian Bellinghausen station.But the church on the hill is an exception, a glimmer of the world to the north.
For scientists, what makes this place is the world below, which provides a window into mankind's past and future.'Antarctica in many ways is like another planet,' said Jose Retamales, the director of the Chilean Antarctic Institute, while aboard a navy ship cruising along Deception and the other South Shetland islands. 'It's a completely different world.'+8A scientist stands behind a window on the Spanish base Gabriel de Castilla on Deception Island. If experts are right, and the West Antarctic ice sheet has started melting, what happens here will determine if cities such as Miami, New York, New Orleans, London and Osaka will have to regularly battle flooding from rising seas
A bizarre new theory suggests that a mysterious anomaly discovered in the Antarctic may hide a Nazi UFO base.
The theory comes from a team of UFO Hunters, who claim that the Nazis built secret bases in Antarctica during World War 2 that were designed to be used by UFOs.
The huge, mysterious Antarctic anomaly stretches for a distance of around 150 miles (240 km) across and reaches a maximum depth of around 850 metres (2,790 feet).
Scroll down for video A bizarre new theory suggests that a strange anomaly discovered in the Antarctic (pictured) may hide a Nazi UFO base. A team of UFO Hunters claim in a YouTube video posted this week that Nazis built secret UFO bases in Antarctica during World War 2
Over the course of three online-based studies, researchers at the University of Kent showed strong links between the belief in conspiracy theories and these psychological traits.
The results showed that those people who rated highly on the narcissism scale and who had low self-esteem were more likely to be conspiracy believers.
However, while low self-esteem, narcissism and belief in conspiracies are strongly linked, it is not clear that one - or a combination - causes the other.
But it hints at an interesting new angle to the world of conspiracy and those who reinforce belief.
It is found in an area of frozen wasteland in Antarctica known as Wilkes Land.
The UFO Hunters making the bold claims, dubbed 'SecureTeam10', regularly post videos on alien conspiracies.
Speaking of the Antarctic anomaly, they say: 'To this day, scientists have no idea or way to discover exactly what is buried deep under this thick ice shelf.
'This continent has been shrouded in a mystery of its own for years now.'
And on the strange Nazi UFO base theory, they claim in their video: 'There is some evidence of this coming to light in recent years, with images purporting to show various entrances built into the side of mountains, with a saucer shape and at a very high altitude.
'This begs the question: how would you enter these entrances without something that could fly and was the same shape as the hole itself?'
The conspiracy theorists also discuss the possibility that the US Navy led a mission to investigate the mysterious anomaly.They claim that the mission was dubbed 'Operation High Jump', which some conspiracy theorists think was an attempt to find the entrance to a hidden world beneath Earth.The strange shape beneath Antarctica was first found by Nasa satellite imagery in 2006.
Secureteam 10 uncover 'mystery object under Antarctica'
/8:13 The huge, mysterious anomaly stretches for a distance of around 150 miles (240 km) across and reaches a maximum depth of around 850 metres (2,790 feet). It is found in an area of frozen wasteland in Antarctica known as Wilkes Land (circled in red)
Some researchers believe the anomaly is the result of an asteroid impact twice the size of the one that wiped out the dinosaurs.
'This Wilkes Land impact is much bigger than the impact that killed the dinosaurs, and probably would have caused catastrophic damage at the time,' said Ralph von Frese, who was a professor of geological sciences at Ohio State University when he discovered the crater in 2006.
'All the environmental changes that would have resulted from the impact would have created a highly caustic environment that was really hard to endure.
'So it makes sense that a lot of life went extinct at that time.' This representation of satellite data reveals the bizarre Antarctic anomaly (circled)
This is not the first time that a strange UFO conspiracy has arisen from Antarctica's icy depths.
Earlier this year, a strange theory claiming that there is a mysterious pyramid in the Antarctic emerged.
Conspiracy theorists posted a video on YouTube, in which they claimed that US Secretary of State, John Kerry, visited Antarctica last month to visit an 'alien base' within the pyramid. This is not the first time that a strange UFO conspiracy has arisen from Antarctica's icy depths. Earlier this year, a strange theory claiming that there is a mysterious pyramid in the Antarctic emerged
The video suggested that the images had been taken from Google Earth, but it is unclear whether they had been edited.
The video was posted by Third Phase of the Moon, another YouTube channel that regularly posts conspiracy theories on aliens.
It showed a pyramid-like structure in the snow, with a Google Earth-type label and pin.
The label read 'Antartica Pyramid' – a misspelling of Antarctica, which suggests that the image was likely doctored.
It is unclear what the structure could be, but it looks similar to a nunatak – a natural mountain peak that juts up above glaciers.
Nigel Watson, author of the UFO Investigations Manual, told MailOnline: 'Pictures of the pyramid structures are either photoshopped, cropped pictures to make the mountains look more like pyramids or simply pictures of natural formations called nunataks.
'They are mountainous formations created by shifting glaciers and erosion, not by laser zapping aliens.'